Professor Dimitris S. Balis



WORK ADDRESS: Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (AUTH)

Physics Department, Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics

Thessaloniki, 54124, Greece

Tel.: 2310 998192, Fax: 2310 998090



HOME ADDRESS: Vassileos Georgiou 13, Thessaloniki 54640, Greece.

Tel.: +30 2310268304


BIRTH DATE: 24 September 1966.


BIRTH PLACE: Thessaloniki, Greece


FAMILY STATUS: Married, two children


STUDIES: 1989 - BSc in Physics, Physics Department, AUTH, Greece (7.39/10)


1998 - PhD in Physics, Physics Department, AUTH, Greece (Excellent)


LANGUAGES: Greek (native), English (excellent), German (excellent).






1989 : Greek Refineries, Environmental Monitoring Department

1989-1991: Military Service

1994: Teaching at Institute of Vocational Training, Thessaloniki, Greece

1992-2000: Research Fellow, Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics, AUTH, Greece

2000-2005                                     Lecturer, Physics Department, AUTH, Greece

2005-2009 Assistant Professor, Physics Department, AUTH, Greece

2009-2011 Assistant Professor (permanent), Physics Department, AUTH, Greece

2011-2017 Associate Professor, Physics Department, AUTH, Greece

2017- Professor, Physics Department, AUTH, Greece







  1. Member of the Greek Physical Union .
  2. Member of the European Geophysical Union
  3. Member of the Environmental Division of the European Physical Society
  4. Member of the American Geophysical Union
  5. Elected member of the Council of the European Aerosol Research Lidar Network (EARLINET) (2004-2007)
  6. Elected member of the International Ozone Commission (2004-2012)
  7. National Representative to GMES (Global Monitoring of the Environment and Security) Advisory Council (2006-2009)
  8. Member of the international committee Integrated Global Atmospheric Chemistry Observations for Ozone (IGACO-O3) (2006-)
  9. Member of the Hellenic Association for Aerosol Research
  10. Elected member of ICLAS- International Coordination group for Laser Atmospheric Studies (2015-)


. Publications




Doctoral Dissertation: Study of the transmission of solar UV radiation in the presence of ozone and aerosols. Measurements with the lidar technique, AUTH 1997





1.    Bojkov R.D., C.S. Zerefos, D.S. Balis, I.C. Ziomas, A.F. Bais, "Record Low Total Ozone during Northern Winters 1992 and 1993", Geophys. Res. Let., 20, 13, 1351-1354 (1993).

2.    Bais A.F., C.S. Zerefos, C. Meleti, I.C. Ziomas, K. Tourpali, V. Karaouza, D.S. Balis, "Variability of Solar UVB Radiation at high and middle latitudes during EASOE 91/92", Geophys. Res. Let., 21, 13, 1403-1406 (1994).

3.    Bojkov, R.D., C.S. Zerefos, D.S. Balis, I.C. Ziomas, A.F.Bais, "Record ozone minimum over middle and high latitudes of the northern hemisphere during the winter-spring seasons 1991/92 and 1992/93", Geomagnitzm and Aeronomia, 34, 97-104. (1994)

4.    Ziomas, P. Suppan, B. Rappengluck, D. Balis, P. Tzoumaka, D. Melas, G. Jacobi, A. Papagiannis, P. Fabian and C. Zerefos, "A Contribution to the Study of Photochemical Smog in the Greater Athens Area", Beitr. Phys. Atmosph., vol. 68, No. 3, 191-203 (1995)

5.    Bojkov R.D., V. E. Fioletov, D. Balis, C.S. Zerefos, T. Kadygrova, A. Shalamjansky, "Further ozone decline during the northern hemisphere winter-spring 1994-1995 and the new record low ozone over Siberia", Geophys. Res. Lett., 22, 20, 2729-2732, (1995).

6.    Zerefos C.S., K. Tourpali, B.R. Bojkov, D. Balis, B. Rognerud and I. Isaksen, "Solar activity-total column ozone relationships: Observations and model studies with heterogeneous chemistry", J. Geophys. Res., vol. 102, 1561-1569, (1997)

7.    Ziomas I.C., P. Tzoumaka, D. Balis, A. Papayannis, D. Melas, A.F. Bais, C. S. Zerefos, "Atmospheric pollution measurements with the differential optical absorption spectroscopy method", Fresenius Environmental Bulletin, 320-324, (1997).

8.    Zerefos C.S, D.S. Balis, A.F. Bais, D. Gillotay, P.C. Simon, B. Mayer and G. Seckmeyer, "Variability at UV-B wavelengths at four stations in Europe", Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 11, 1363-1366 (1997)

9.    Marenco F. V. Santacesaria, A. Bais, D. Balis, A. Di Sarra, A. Papayannis and C.S. Zerefos, "Optical properties of tropospheric aerosols determined by lidar and spectrophotometric measurements (PAUR campaign), Applied Optics, 36, 27, 6875-6886 (1997)

10.Hamonou E., P. Chazette, A. Papayannis, D. Balis, F. Marenco, V. Santacesaria and G. Ancellet, "Ground-based measurements of Saharan dust optical properties in the frame of the European MEDUSE Project", J. Aeros. Sci., vol. 28, Suppl. 1, pp. S695-S696, (1997)

11.Papayannis A., D. Balis, A. Bais, H. van der Bergh, B. Calpini, E. Durieux, L. Fiorani, L. Jaquet, I. Ziomas and C.S. Zerefos, "The role of urban and suburban aerosols on solar UV radiation over Athens, Greece", Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 32, No. 12, 2193-2201 (1998).

12.Papayannis A. and D. Balis, "Study of the structure of the lower troposphere over Athens using a backscattering Lidar during the MEDCAPHOT-TRACE experiment: Measurements over a sub-urban area", Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 32, No. 12, 2161-2172 (1998).

13.Eleftheriadis K., D. Balis, I.C. Ziomas, I. Colbeck and N. Manalis, "Atmospheric aerosol and gaseous species in Athens, Greece", Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 32, No. 12, 2183-2191 (1998).

14.Klemm O., I. Ziomas, D. Balis, P. Suppan, J. Slemr, R. Romero and L.G. Vyras, "A 3-D summer air pollution study in Athens, Greece", Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 32, No. 12, 2071-2087 (1998).

15.Ziomas I.C., P. Tzoumaka, D. Balis, D. Melas and C.S. Zerefos and O. Klemm, "Ozone episodes in Athens, Greece. A modelling approach using data from the MEDCAPHOT-TRACE", Atmospheric Environment, Vol. 32, No. 12, 2313-2321 (1998).

16.Koepke P., A.F. Bais, D.S. Balis, M. Buchwitz, H. De Backer, X. de Cabo, P. Eckert, P. Ericksen, D. Gillotay, A. Heikkila, T. Koskela, B. Lapeta, Z. Litynska, J. Lorente, B. Mayer, A. Renaud, A. Ruggaber, G. Schauberger, G. Seckmeyer, P. Seifert, A. Schmalwieser, H. Schwander, K. Vanicek and M. Weber, "Comparison of models used for UV index calculations", Photochem and Photobiology, 67, 657-662, (1998)

17.Balis D.S., K. Tourpali, C.S. Zerefos, C. Meleti, I.C. Ziomas, A.F. Bais, A. Papayannis and A. Paliatsos, "On the daily maximum UV-B doses during the significant ozone deficiencies in the transition seasons of 1992/93, Advances in Space Research, 22, 11, 1505-1508, (1998)

18.Santacesaria V., F. Marenco, D. Balis, A. Papayannis and C. Zerefos, "Lidar observations of the Planetary Boundary Layer above the city of Thessaloniki", Nuovo Cimento della Societa Italiana de Fisica, vol21, No6, 585-596 (1998).

19.Bais A.F, S. Kazadzis, D.S. Balis, C. S. Zerefos and M. Blumthaler, "Correcting global solar UV spectra recorded by a Brewer spectroradiometer for its angular response error", Applied Optics, 37, 27, 6339-6344 (1998)

20.Bojkov R.D., D.S. Balis and C.S. Zerefos, "Characteristics of the ozone decline in the Northern polar and middle latitudes during winter-spring", Met. and Atmos. Phys., vol. 69, issue 1-2, 119-135 (1998).

21.Zerefos C.S, C. Meleti, D. Balis, K. Tourpali and A.F. Bais "Quasi-biennial and longer-term changes in clear sky UV-B solar irradiance", Geophys. Res. Lett., 25,23, 4345-4348, (1998)

22.Rex, M., P. von der Gathen, G. O. Braathen, S. J. Reid, N. R. P. Harris, M. Chipperfield, E. Reimer, A. Beck, R. Alfier, R. Krüger-Carstensen, H. De Backer, D. Balis, C. Zerefos, F. O'Connor, H. Dier, V. Dorokhov, H. Fast, A. Gamma, M. Gil, E. Kyrö, M. Rummukainen, Z. Litynska, I. S. Mikkelsen, M. Molyneux, and G. Murphy, Chemical ozone loss in the Arctic winter 1994/95 as determined by the Match technique, J. Atmos. Chem., 32, 35-59, (1999).

23.Uchino O., R.D. Bojkov, D.S. Balis, K. Akagi, M. Hayashi and R. Kajiwara, "Essential characteristics of the Antarctic-spring ozone decline", Geophys. Res. Lett., Vol.26, No.10, pp.1377-1380 (1999)

24.Papayannis, J. Porteneuve, D. Balis, C. Zerefos and E. Galani, Design of a new DIAL system for tropospheric and lower stratospheric ozone monitoring in Northern Greece, Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, 24,5, 439-442, (1999)

25.Kourtidis K., I.C. Ziomas, B. Rappenglueck, A. Proyou and D.S. Balis, Evaporative traffic emissions, traffic CO and speciated hydrocarbon traffic emissions from the city of Athens, Atmospheric Environment, 33, 3831-3842 (1999).

26.Hamonou E., P. Chazette, D. Balis, F. Dulac, X. Schneider, E Galani, G. Ancellet and A. Papayannis, "Characterisation of the vertical structure of Saharan dust exports to the Mediterranean basin", J. Geophys. Res., 104,D18, 22257-22270, (1999).

27.Balis D., A. Papayannis, E. Galani, F. Marenco, V. Santacesaria, E. Hamonou, P. Chazette, I. Ziomas and C. Zerefos, Tropospheric LIDAR Aerosol Measurements and Sun Photometric Observations at Thessaloniki, Greece, Atmospheric Environment, 34, 925-932, (2000)

28.Kazadzis S., A.F. Bais, D. Balis, C. Zerefos and M. Blumthaler, Retrieval of downwelling actinic flux densities using spectral measurements of global and direct solar UV irradiance, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 4857-4864, (2000).

29.Mantis H.T., C.C. Repapis, C.M. Philandras, A.G. Paliatsos, C.Z. Zerefos, A.F. Bais, C. Meleti and D.S. Balis, A five year climatology of the solar erythemal UV in Athens, Greece, Int. Journal of Climatology, 20, 1237-1247, (2000)

30.Zerefos C.S, D.S. Balis, C. Meleti, A.F. Bais, K. Tourpali, K. Vanicek, F. Cappellani, U. Kaminski, T. Colombo, R. Stubi, P. Formenti and M.O. Andreae, Surface UV Solar Irradiance and Total Ozone during the Solar Eclipse of 11 August 1999, J. of Geophys. Res.,105, 26463-26473 (2000)

31.Kourtidis K., I. Ziomas, C. Zerefos, A. Gousopoulos, D. Balis and P. Tzoumaka, Benzene and toluene levels measured with a commercial DOAS system in Thessaloniki, Greece, Atmospheric Environment, 34, 1471-1480, 2000

32.C. Zerefos, D. Balis, M. Tzortziou, A. Bais, C. Meleti, G. Bernhard and J. Herman, A Note on the Interannual Variations of UV-B erythemal doses and solar irradiance from ground-based and satellite observations, Annales Geophysicae, 19, 115-120, (2001)

33.Zerefos C.S., C. Meleti, D.S. Balis, A.F. Bais and D. Gillotay, On changes of spectral UV-B in the 90's in Europe, Advances in Space Research, 26, 12,1971-1978 (2001)

34.Kazantzidis A., D. S. Balis, A. F. Bais, S. Kazadzis, E. Galani, E. Kosmidis and M. Blumthaler, Comparison of model calculations with spectral UV measurements during the SUSPEN campaign: the effect of aerosols, Journal of the Atm. Sciences, 58, 1529-1539 (2001)

35.Zanis P., C.S. Zerefos, D. Melas, D. Balis, I. Ziomas, E. Gerasopoulos, V. Tzoumaka, S. Gilge, U. Kaminski and W. Fricke, Comparison of measured and modelled surface ozone concentrations at two different sites in Europe during the Solar Eclipse on August 11, 1999, Atm. Environ., 35, 4663-4673 (2001)

36.Bojkov R.D. and D.S. Balis, Characteristics of Episodes with Extremely Low Ozone Values in the Northern latitudes 1957-1999, Annales Geophysicae, 19, 797-807, (2001)

37.Zerefos C.S., K. A Kourtidis, D. Balis, A. Bais and B. Calpini, Photochemical activity over the eastern Mediterranean under variable environmental conditions Phys. Chem. Earth (c ), 26, 549-554, (2001)

38.Zerefos C.S, D.S. Balis, P. Zanis, C. Meleti, A.F. Bais, K. Tourpali, D. Melas, I. Ziomas, E. Galani, K. Kourtidis, A. Papayannis and Z. Gogosheva, Changes in surface UV solar irradiance and ozone over the Balkans, during the eclispe of August 11, Advances in Space Research, 27, 12,1955-1963, (2001)

39.Balis D.S., C.S. Zerefos, K. Kourtidis, A.F. Bais, A. Hofzumahaus, A. Kraus, R. Schmitt, M. Blumthaler, and G.P. Gobbi, Measurements and modeling of photolysis rates during the PAUR II campaign, J. of Geophys. Res, 10.1029/2000JD000136, (2002)

40.Zerefos, C.S., K.A. Kourtidis, D. Melas, D. Balis, P. Zanis, H.T. Mantis, C. Repapis, I. Isaksen, J. Sundet, J. Herman, P.K. Bhartia, and B. Calpini; Photochemical Activity and Solar Ultraviolet Radiation Modulation Factors (PAUR): An overview of the project, J. Geophys. Res,10.1029/2000JD000134, (2002)

41.Zanis P., K. Kourtidis, B. Rappenglueck, D. Balis, D. Melas, C. Zerefos, R. Schmitt, S. Rapsomanikis, Y. Doukelis, P. Fabian, and I. Isaksen, A case study on the link between surface ozone photochemistry and total ozone during the PAURII experiment at Crete Comparison of observations with model calculations, J. of Geophys. Res, 10.1029/2000JD000137, (2002)

42.Kourtidis K., C. Zerefos, D. Balis, E. Kosmidis, S. Rapsomanikis, P. Perros, V. Simeonov, D. Melas, A. Thompson, J. Witte, B. Calpini, B. Rappenglueck, I. Isaksen, A. Papayannis, A. Hofzumahaus, H. Gimm and R. Drakou, Regional tropospheric ozone over Eastern Mediterranean, J. of Geophys. Res., 10.1029/2000JD000140, 2002

43.Galani E., D. Balis, P. Zanis, C. Zerefos, A. Papayannis, H. Wernli and E. Gerasopoulos, Observations of stratosphere troposphere exchange events over eastern Mediterranean using a ground-based lidar system, J. of Geophys. Res.,108 D12, 8527, doi:1029/2002JD002596, , 2003

44.Balis D.S, V. Amiridis, C. Zerefos, E. Gerasopoulos, M. Andreae, P. Zanis, A. Kazantzidis, S. Kazadzis and A. Papayannis, Raman lidar and sunphotometric measurements of aerosol optical properties over Thessaloniki, Greece during a biomass burning episode, Atm. Env., 37,32, 4529-4538, (2003)

45.Zerefos C. S., K. Eleftheratos, D. Balis, P. Zanis, G. Tselioudis, and C. Meleti, Evidence of impact of aviation on cirrus cloud formation, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 3, 1633-1644, 2003

46.Gerasopoulos E. , M. O. Andreae, C. S. Zerefos, T. W. Andreae, D. Balis, P. Formenti, P. Merlet, V. Amiridis, and C. Papastefanou Climatological aspects of aerosol optical properties in Northern Greece, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 3, 2025-2041, 2003

47.Matthias V, J. Boesenberg, V. Freudenthaler, A. Amodeo, D. Balis, A. Chaykosvski, G. Chourdakis, A. Comeron, A. Delaval, F. de Tomasi, R. Eixmann, A. Hagard, L. Konguem, S. Kreipl, R. Matthey, I. Mattis, V. Rizi, J. Rodriguez, V. Simeonov and X. Wang, Aerosol lidar intercomparison in the frame of EARLINET: Part I instruments, Appl. Optics, 961-976(2004)

48.Balis D.S, V. Amiridis, C. Zerefos, A. Kazantzidis, S. Kazadzis, A. F. Bais, C. Meleti, A. Papayannis, V. Matthias, and H. Dier, Study of the effect of different type of aerosols on UV-B radiation from measurements during EARLINET , Atmos. Chem. Phys.,4, 307-321, (2004)

49.Balis D, V. Amiridis, S. Nickovic, A. Papayannis and C. Zerefos, Optical properties of Saharan dust as detected by a Raman lidar at Thessaloniki, Greece, Geophys. Res. Lett., vol.31, L13104, doi:10.1029/2004GL019881,(2004)

50.Matthias V. D. Balis, J. Boesenberg, R. Eixmann, M. Iarlori, L. Komguem, I. Mattis, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, M. R. Perrone, and X. Wang, The vertical aerosol distribution over Europe: Statistical analysis of Raman lidar data from 10 EARLINET stations, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 109, No. D18, D18201, 10. 1029/2004JD004638 (2004)

51.Kazadzis S, C. Topaloglou, A. F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, D. Balis, A. Kazantzidis, B. Schallhart, Actinic flux and O1D photolysis frequencies retrieved from spectral measurements of irradiance at Thessaloniki, Greece, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 4, 2215-2226, 2004

52.Bais A.F., A. Kazantzidis, S. Kazadzis, D.S. Balis, C.S. Zerefos and C. Meleti, Deriving an effective single scattering albedo from spectral surface UV irradiance measurements, Atmospheric Environment, 39, 1093-1102, 2005

53.Isaksen I., C. Zerefos, K. Kourtidis, C. Meleti, Stig B. Dalsøren, J.K Sundet, A. Grini, P. Zanis and D. Balis, Tropospheric ozone changes at unpolluted and semi-polluted regions induced by stratospheric ozone changes, J. Geophys. Res. Doi:10.1029/2004JD004618, 2005

54.Topaloglou C., S. Kazadzis, A.F. Bais, M. Blumthaler, B. Schallhart and D. Balis, NO2 and HCHO photolysis frequencies from irradiance measurements in Thessaloniki, Greece, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 1645-1653, 2005

55.Thomas W., T. Erbertseder, T. Ruppert, M. van Roozendael, J. Verdebout, D. Balis, C. Meleti and C. Zerefos, On the retrieval of volcanic sulfur dioxide emissions from GOME backscatter measurements, Journal of Atm. Chem, 50, 295-320, 2005

56.Papayannis A., D. Balis, V. Amiridis, G. Chourdakis, G. Tsaknakis, C. Zerefos, A. Castahno, S. Nickovic, S. Kazadzis, and J. Grabowski, Measurements of Saharan dust aerosols over the Eastern Mediterranean using elastic backscatter-Raman lidar, spectrophotometric and satellite observations in the frame of the EARLINET project, 5, 2065-2079, Atmos. Chem. Phys. 2005

57.Papayannis A., D. Balis, P. Zanis, E. Galani, H. Wernli, C. Zerefos, A. Stohl, S. Eckhardt and V. Amiridis, Sampling of an STT event over the Eastern Mediterranean region by lidar and electrochemical sonde, Annales Geophysicae, 23, 2039-2050, 2005

58.Kazantzidis A., A. F. Bais, D. Balis and E. Kosmidis, Sensitivity of solar UV radiation to ozone and temperature profiles at Thessaloniki (40.5o N, 23oE), Greece, J. of Solar and Terrestrial Physics, 67, 1321-1330, 2005

59.Zerefos C., K. Tourpali and D. Balis, Solar activity-ozone relationships in the vertical distribution of ozone, Int. J. of Rem. Sens., 26,16, 3449-3454, 2005

60.Amiridis V., D. Balis, S. Kazadzis, A. Bais, E. Giannakaki, A. Papayannis and C. Zerefos, Four years aerosol observations with a Raman lidar at Thessaloniki, Greece in the framework of EARLINET, J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 110, D21203, doi:10.1029/2005JD006190, 2005

61.Zerefos C., P. Nastos, D. Balis, A. Papayannis, A. Kelepertsis, E. Kannelopoulou, D. Nikolakis, K. Eleftheratos, W. Thomas and K. Varotsos, A complex study of Etnas plume from ground-based, in situ and space borne observations, Int. J. of Rem. Sens., 27 (9-10), 1855-1864, 2006

62.Van Roozendael M., D. Loyola, R. Spurr, D. Balis, J-C. Lambert, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Kenter and C. Fayt, Reprocessing the 10-year GOME/ERS-2 total ozone record for trend analysis: the new GOME Data Processor Version 4.0, Algorithm Description, J. Geophys. Res., 111 (D14): art. no. D14311 JUL 26 2006

63.Balis D., V. Amiridis, S. Kazadzis, , A. Papayannis, G. Tsaknakis, S. Tzortzakis, N. Kalivitis, M. Vrekoussis, M. Kanakidou, N. Mihalopoulos, G Chourdakis, S. Nickovic, C. Perez, J. Baldasano and M. Drakakis, Optical characteristics of desert dust over the East Mediterranean during summer, Annales Geophysicae, 24 (3), 807-821, 2006

64.Koukouli. M., D. Balis, V. Amiridis, S. Kazadzis, A. Bais, S. Nickovic and O. Torres, Aerosol variability over Thessaloniki using ground-based remote sensing observations and TOMS aerosol index, Atmos. Environment., 40,5367-5378, 2006

65.Amodeo A., J. Bösenberg, A. Ansmann, D. Balis, C. Böckmann, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comeron, V. Mitev, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, M. R. Perrone, V. Rizi, V. Simeonov, P. Sobolewski, N. Spinelli, D. V. Stoyanov, T. Trickl, M. Wiegner, EARLINET: the European Aerosol Lidar Network, Optica Pura y Aplicada 39, 1-10, 2006

66.Zerefos C., K. Eleftheratos, P. Zanis, D. Balis and G. Tselioudis, Search for man-made cirrus-contrails over Southeast Asia, Terr. Atmos. Ocean. Sci., 18, 459-474, doi:10.3319/TAO.2007.18.3.459, 2007.

67.Balis D., J-C. Lambert , Van Roozendael M., D. Loyola, R. Spurr, Y. Livschitz, P. Valks, T. Ruppert, P. Gerard, J Granville and V. Amiridis, Reprocessing the 10-year GOME/ERS-2 total ozone record for trend analysis: the new GOME Data Processor Version 4.0, Validation, J. Geophys. Res., vol. 112, D07307, doi:10.1029/2005JD006376, 2007

68.Kazadzis S., A. Bais, V. Amiridis, D. Balis, C. Meleti, N. Kouremeti, C. Zerefos, S. Rapsomanikis, M. Petrakakis, A. Kelesis, P. Tzoumaka, K. Kelelektsoglou, Nine years of UV aerosol optical depth measurements at Thessaloniki, Greece, , Atmos. Chem. And Phys., Page(s) 2091-2101. SRef-ID: 1680-7324/acp/2007-7-2091 2007

69.Tourpali K., C. Zerefos, D. Balis and A. Bais, The 11-year solar cycle in stratospheric ozone: Comparison between Umkehr and SBUVv8 and implications for the ground erythemal irradiance, J. Geophys. Res., VOL. 112, D12306, doi:10.1029/2006JD007760, 2007

70.Eleftheratos K., C. Zerefos, P. Zanis, D. Balis, K. Gierens and R. Sausen, A twenty-year study on natural and manmade global interannual fluctuations of cirrus cloud cover, Atmos. Chem. And Phys., 7, 2631-2642, 2007

71.Zerefos C., V. Gerogiannis, D. Balis, S. Zerefos and A. Kazantzidis, Atmospheric effects of volcanic eruptions as seen by famous artists and depicted in their paintings, Atmos. Chem. And Phys., 7, 4027-4042, 2007

72.E. Giannakaki, D. Balis, V. Amiridis and S. Kazadzis, Optical and geometrical characteristics of cirrus clouds over a middle latitude lidar station, Atmos. Chem. And Phys., 7,5519-5530, 2007

73.Balis D.S., M. Koukouli, M. Kroon, E. Brinksma, , G. Labow, J.P. Veefkind and R. McPeters, Validation of total ozone data products of the Ozone Monitoring Instrument using Brewer and Dobson ground-based data, J. Geophys. Res., VOL. 112, D24S46, doi:10.1029/2007JD008796, 2007

74.Amiridis V., D. Melas, D. S. Balis, A. Papayannis, D. Founda, E. Katragkou, E. Giannakaki, R. E. Mamouri, E. Gerasopoulos, and C. Zerefos, Aerosol lidar observations and model calculations of the planetary boundary layer evolution over Greece, during the March 2006 total solar eclipse, Atmos. Chem. and Phys., 7, 6061-6073, 2007

75.McPeters, R., M. Kroon, G. Labow, E. Brinksma, D. Balis, I. Petropavlovskikh, J.P. Veefkind, P.K. Bhartia and P.F. Levely, Validation of the Aura Ozone Monitoring Instrument Total Ozone Product, J. Geophys. Res., VOL. 113, D15S14, doi:10.1029/2007JD008802, 2008

76.Symeonidis P. , A. Poupkou, A. Gkantou, D. Melas, O. Devrim Yay, E. Pouspourika and D. Balis, Development of a computational system for estimating biogenic NMVOCs emissions based on GIS technology, Atmos. Environ., 42,1777-1789, 2008

77.Papayannis A., V. Amiridis, G. Tsaknakis, D. Balis, J. Bösenberg, A. Chaikovski, F. De Tomasi, I. Grigorov, I. Mattis, V. Mitev, D. Müller, L. Mona, S. Nickovic, C. Pérez, A. Pietruczuk, G. Pisani, F. Ravetta, V. Rizi, M. Sicard, T. Trickl, M.Wiegner and R. Eixmann, First systematic observations of Saharan dust properties over Europe during EARLINET (2000-2002): Statistical analysis and results, J. Geophys. Res., VOL. 113, D10204,doi:10.1029/2007JD009028, 2008

78.Poupkou A., P. Symeonidis, I. Lisaridis, D. Melas, I. Ziomas, O. Yay and D. Balis, Effects of anthropogenic emission sources on maximum ozone concentrations over Greece, Atmospheric Research, 89, 374-381, 2008

79.Mueller D., Heinold B., Tesche M., Tegen I., Althausen D., Alados Arboledas L., Amiridis V, Amodeo A., Ansmann A., Balis D., Comeron A., DAmico G., Gerasopoulos E., Guerrero-Rascado J. L., Freudenthaler V., Giannakaki E., Heese B., Iarlori M., Knippertz P., Mamouri R. E., Mona L., Papayannis A., G. Pappalardo, R.-M. Perrone, G. Pisani, V. Rizi, M. Sicard, N. Spinelli, A. Tafuro, M.Wiegner, EARLINET observations of the 1422-May Long-Range Dust Transport Event During SAMUM 2006: Validation of Results From Dust Transport Modelling, Tellus B, 61B(1), pp. 325-339, 2009.

80.Georgoulias A., D. Balis , M.E. Koukouli, C. Meleti, A. Bais and C. Zerefos, A study of the total atmospheric Sulfur Dioxide load using ground-based measurements and the satellite derived Sulfur Dioxide Index, Atmospheric Environment, 43(9), 1693-1701, 2009

81.Amiridis V., D. Balis, E. Giannakaki, A. Stohl, S. Kazadzis, M. Koukouli and P. Zanis, Optical characteristics of biomass burning aerosols over Southeastern Europe determined from UV-Raman lidar, Atmos. Chem. and Phys., 9, 2431-2440, 2009

82.Loyola D., M. Coldewey-Egbers, M.Dameris, H. Garny, A. Stanke, M. van Roozendael, C. Lewrot, D. Balis and M. Koukouli, Global long-term monitoring of the ozone layer a prerequisite for predictions, International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 30, Nos. 1516, 4295-4318, 2009

83.Balis D., R. Bojkov, K.. Tourpali and C. Zerefos, Characteristics of the ozone decline over both hemispheres, International Journal of Remote Sensing, Vol. 30, Nos. 1516, 38873895, 2009

84.Zyrichidou I., M.E. Koukouli, D.S. Balis, E. Katragkou, D. Melas, A. Poupkou, I. Kioutsioukis, R. van der A, F. K. Boersma, M. van Roozendael and A. Richter, Satellite observations and model simulations of tropospheric NO2 columns over South-eastern Europe, Atmos. Chem. and Phys. 9, 17, 6495-6496, 2009

85.Kazadzis S., A. Bais, D. Balis, N. Kouremeti, M. Zempila, A. Arola, E. Giannakaki, A. Kazantzidis and V. Amiridis, Spatial and temporal UV irradiance and aerosol variability within the area of an OMI satellite pixel, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 9,: 14,: 4593-4601, 2009

86.Mamouri, R. E., Amiridis, V., Papayannis, A., Giannakaki, E., Tsaknakis, G., and Balis, D. S.: Validation of CALIPSO space-borne-derived attenuated backscatter coefficient profiles using a ground-based lidar in Athens, Greece, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 2, 513-522, doi:10.5194/amt-2-513-2009, 2009

87.Koukouli M.E., S. Kazadzis, V. Amiridis, C. Ichoku, D.S. Balis, A.F. Bais, Signs of a negative trend in the MODIS aerosol optical depth over the Southern Balkans, Atm. Environ.,Vol. 44, 9,  1219-1228, 2010   

88.Balis D., E. Giannakaki, D. Müller, V. Amiridis, K. Kelektsoglou, S. Rapsomanikis and A. Bais, Estimation of the microphysical aerosol properties over Thessaloniki, Greece, during the SCOUT-O3 campaign with the synergy of Raman lidar and sunphotometer data, J. of Geophys. Res., 115, D08202, doi:10.1029/2009JD013088,2010

89.Pappalardo, G., U. Wandinger, L. Mona, A. Hiebsch, I. Mattis, A. Amodeo, A. Ansmann, P. Seifert, H. Linne, A. Apituley, L. Alados Arboledas, D. Balis, A. Chaikovsky, G. D'Amico, F. De Tomasi, V. Freudenthaler, E. Giannakaki, A. Giunta, I. Grigorov, M. Iarlori, F. Madonna, R.-E. Mamouri, L. Nasti, A. Papayannis, A. Pietruczuk, M. Pujadas, V. Rizi, F. Rocadenbosch, F. Russo, F. Schnell, N. Spinelli, X. Wang, and M. Wiegner, EARLINET correlative measurements for CALIPSO: first intercomparison results, J. Geophys. Res., 115, D00H19, doi:10.1029/2009JD012147, 2010

90.Giannakaki, E., Balis, D. S., Amiridis, V., and Zerefos, C.: Optical properties of different aerosol types: seven years of combined Raman-elastic backscatter lidar measurements in Thessaloniki, Greece, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 3, 569-578, doi:10.5194/amt-3-569-2010, 2010

91.Kelektsoglou K., K. Kourtidis, D. Balis and S. Rapsomanikis, A one year remote sensing study of radiative effects of aerosol and clouds over NE Mediterranean, International Journal of Remote Sensing, 32(23), 8747-8762,2011.

92.Antón M., M. E. Koukouli, M. Kroon, R. D. McPeters, G.J. Labow, D. Balis, and A. Serrano, global validation of empirically corrected ep-toms total ozone columns using brewer and dobson ground-based measurements, J. Geophys. Res, 115, D19305, doi:10.1029/2010JD014178, 2010

93.Amiridis, V., Giannakaki, E., Balis, D. S., Gerasopoulos, E., Pytharoulis, I., Zanis, P., Kazadzis, S., Melas, D., and Zerefos, C.: Smoke injection heights from agricultural burning in Eastern Europe as seen by CALIPSO, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1156711576, doi:10.5194/acp-10-11567-2010

94.Balis D., An update on the dynamically induced episodes of extreme low ozone values over the Northern Middle Latitudes, International Journal of Remote Sensing, DOI:10.1080/01431161.2010.550649, 2011

95.Loyola D., M. E. Koukouli, P. Valks, D. S. Balis, N. Hao, M. Van Roozendael, R. J. D. Spurr, W. Zimmer, S. Kiemle, C. Lerot, J-C. Lambert, The GOME-2 Total Column Ozone Product: Retrieval Algorithm and Ground-Based Validation, J. Geophys. Res, 116, D07302, doi:10.1029/2010JD014675, 2011

96.AmiridisV., D. Balis, E. Giannakaki, S. Kazadzis, A. Arola, and E. Gerasopoulos, Characterization of the aerosol type using simultaneous measurements of the lidar ratio and estimations of the single scattering albedo, Atmospheric Research, 101,46-53, 2011.

97.Papayannis A., R.E. Mamouri, V. Amiridis, E. Giannakaki, I. Veselovski, P, Kokkalis, G. Tsaknakis, D. Balis, N.I. Kristiansen, A. Stohl, M. Korenskiy, K. Allakhverdiev, M.F. Huseyinoglu, T. Baykaral., Optical Properties And Vertical Extension Of Aged Ash Layers Over The Eastern Mediterranean As Observed By Raman Lidars During The Eyjafjallajökull Eruption In May 2010, Atmos, Env, 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.08.037, 2011

98.Balis D., I.S.A. Isaksen, C. Zerefos, I. Zyrichidou, K. Eleftheratos, K. Tourpali, R. Bojkov, B. Rognerud, F. Stordal, O.A. Søvde, Y. Orsolini, Observed and Modelled record ozone decline over the Arctic during winter/spring 2011, Geophys. Res. Lett., 38(23), L23801, 2011

99.Actis M. et. al, Design Concepts for the Cherenkhov Telescope Array (CTA): An advanced facility for ground-based high energy gamma-ray spectroscopy, Experimental Astronomy, 32(3), 193-316, 2011

100.           Balis D., Geometrical characteristics of desert dust layers over Thessaloniki estimated with backscatter/Raman lidar and the BSC/DREAM model, Remote sensing Letters, 3:4, 353-362, 2012

101.           Van Roozendael M., R. Spurr, D. Loyola, C. Lerot, D. Balis, J-C. Lambert, W. Zimmer, J. van Gent, J. van Geffen, M. Koukouli, J. Granville, A. Doicu, C. Fayt, C. Zehner, Sixteen years of GOME/ERS2 total  ozone data: the new direct-fitting GOME Data Processor (GDP) Version 5: I. Algorithm Description, J. Geophys. Res., 117,3, D03305, 2012

102.      Meier, J., Tegen, I., Mattis, I., Wolke, R., Alados Arboledas, L., Apituley, A., Balis, D., Barnaba, F., Chaikovsky, A., Sicard, M., Pappalardo, G., Pietruczuk, A., Stoyanov, D., Ravetta, F., Rizi, V.,A regional model of European aerosol transport: Evaluation with sun photometer, lidar and air quality data, Atmospheric Environment,47,519-532,3,2012

103.           Isaksen, I.S.A., Zerefos, C., Wang, W.-C., Balis, D., Eleftheratos, K., Rognerud, B., Stordal, F., Berntsen, T.K., Lacasce, J.H., Svde, O.A., Olivié, D., Orsolini, Y.J., Zyrichidou, I., Prather, M., Tuinder, O.N.E., Attribution of the Arctic ozone column deficit in March 2011,Geophysical Research Letters,39,24, L24810, 2012

104.      Koukouli, M.E., Balis, D.S., Loyola, D., Valks, P., Zimmer, W., Hao, N., Lamber, J.-C., Van Roozendael, M., Lerot, C., Spurr, R.J.D.,Geophysical validation and long-term consistency between GOME-2/MetOp-A total ozone column and measurements from the sensors GOME/ERS-2, SCIAMACHY/ENVISAT and OMI/Aura, Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 5, 9, 2169-2181, 2012

105.      Zyrichidou, I., Koukouli, M.E., Balis, D.S., Kioutsioukis, I., Poupkou, A., Katragkou, E., Melas, D., Boersma, K.F., van Roozendael, M.,"Evaluation of high resolution simulated and OMI retrieved tropospheric NO2 column densities over Southeastern Europe, Atmospheric Research, 122,55-66, 2013

106.           Pappalardo, G., Mona, L., D'Amico, G., Wandinger, U., Adam, M., Amodeo, A., Ansmann, A., Apituley, A., Alados Arboledas, L., Balis, D., Boselli, A., Bravo-Aranda, J. A., Chaikovsky, A., Comeron, A., Cuesta, J., De Tomasi, F., Freudenthaler, V., Gausa, M., Giannakaki, E., Giehl, H., Giunta, A., Grigorov, I., Groß, S., Haeffelin, M., Hiebsch, A., Iarlori, M., Lange, D., Linné, H., Madonna, F., Mattis, I., Mamouri, R.-E., McAuliffe, M. A. P., Mitev, V., Molero, F., Navas-Guzman, F., Nicolae, D., Papayannis, A., Perrone, M. R., Pietras, C., Pietruczuk, A., Pisani, G., Preißler, J., Pujadas, M., Rizi, V., Ruth, A. A., Schmidt, J., Schnell, F., Seifert, P., Serikov, I., Sicard, M., Simeonov, V., Spinelli, N., Stebel, K., Tesche, M., Trickl, T., Wang, X., Wagner, F., Wiegner, M., and Wilson, K. M.: Four-dimensional distribution of the 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcanic cloud over Europe observed by EARLINET, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 13, 4429-4450, doi:10.5194/acp-13-4429-2013, 2013.

107.           Leventidou, E., Zanis, P., Balis, D., Giannakaki, E., Pytharoulis, I., Amiridis, V., Factors affecting the comparisons of planetary boundary layer height retrievals from CALIPSO, ECMWF and radiosondes over Thessaloniki, Greece, Atmospheric Environment, 74, 360-366, 2013

108.           Acharya B.S. et al., Introducing the CTA concept, Astroparticle Physics, 43, 3-18, 2013

109.           Fragkos, K., Bais, A.F., Balis, D., Meleti, C., Koukouli, M.E., The Effect of Three Different Absorption Cross-Sections and their Temperature Dependence on Total Ozone Measured by a Mid-Latitude Brewer Spectrophotometer, Atmosphere - Ocean, 1-10, 2013

110.           Lerot, C., Van Roozendael, M., Spurr, R., Loyola, D., Coldewey-Egbers, M., Kochenova, S., Van Gent, J., Koukouli, M., Balis, D., Lambert, J.-C., Granville, J., Zehner, C., Homogenized total ozone data records from the European sensors GOME/ERS-2, SCIAMACHY/Envisat, and GOME-2/MetOp-A, 2014, Journal of Geophysical Research, D119, 3, 1639-1662, 2014

111.      Eleftheratos, K., S. Kazadzis, C. Zerefos, K. Tourpali, C. Meleti, D. Balis, I. Zyrichidou, K. Lakkala, U. Feister, T. Koskela, and A. Heikkilä, Ozone and spectroradiometric UV changes in the past 20 years over middle and high latitudes, Atmosphere-Ocean, doi=10.1080/07055900.2014.919897, 2014.

112.      Hao, N., Koukouli, M. E., Inness, A., Valks, P., Loyola, D. G., Zimmer, W., Balis, D. S., Zyrichidou, I., Van Roozendael, M., Lerot, C., and Spurr, R. J. D.: GOME-2 total ozone columns from MetOp-A/MetOp-B and assimilation in the MACC system, Atmos. Meas. Tech., , 2014

113.      Koukouli M.E., L. Clarisse, E. Carboni, J. Van Gent, C. Spinetti, D. Balis, S. Dimopoulos, R. Grainger, N. Theys, L. Tampelini and C. Zehner, Intercomparison of MetOp-A SO2 measurements during 2010-2011 Icelandic eruptions, Annals of Geophysics, Fast track 2, pp6, 2014

114.      Zyrichidou I., M.E. oukouli, D. Balis, K. Markakis, A. Poupkou, E. Katragkou, I. Kioutsioukis, D. Melas, K.F. Boersma and M. van Roozendael, Identification of surface NOx emission sources on a regional scaleusing OMI NO2, Atmos. Envir.,101,82-93, 2015

115.      Amiridis V., E. Marinou, A. Tsekeri, U. Wandinger, A. Schwarz, E. Giannakaki, R. Mamouri, P. Kokkalis,I. Binietoglou, S. Solomos, T. Herekakis, S. Kazadzis, E. Gerasopoulos, E. Proestakis, M. Kottas, D. Balis, A. Papayannis, C. Kontoes, K. Kourtidis, N. Papagiannopoulos, L. Mona, G. Pappalardo, O. Le Rille, and. A. Ansmann, LIVAS: a 3-D multi-wavelength aerosol/cloud database based onCALIPSO and EARLINET, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 15, 71277153, 2015

116.      Binietoglou I., S. Basart, L. Alados-Arboledas, V. Amiridis, A. Argyrouli, H. Baars, J. M. Baldasano, D. Balis, L. Belegante, J. A. Bravo-Aranda, P. Burlizzi, V. Carrasco, A. Chaikovsky, A. Comerón, G. DAmico, M. Filioglou, M. J. Granados-Muñoz, J. L. Guerrero-Rascado, L. Ilic, P. Kokkalis, A. Maurizi, L. Mona,F. Monti, C. Muñoz-Porcar, D. Nicolae, A. Papayannis, G. Pappalardo, G. Pejanovic, S. N. Pereira, M. R. Perrone, A. Pietruczuk, M. Posyniak, F. Rocadenbosch, A. Rodríguez-Gómez, M. Sicard, N. Siomos, A. Szkop, E. Terradellas, A. Tsekeri, A. Vukovic, U. Wandinger, and J. Wagner, A methodology for investigating dust model performance using synergistic EARLINET/AERONET dust concentration retrievals, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 35773600, 2015

117.      Coldewey-Egbers M., D. G. Loyola, M. Koukouli, D. Balis, J.-C. Lambert, T. Verhoelst, J. Granville, M. van Roozendael, C. Lerot, R. Spurr, S. M. Frith, and C. Zehner, The GOME-type Total Ozone Essential Climate Variable (GTO-ECV) data record from the ESA Climate Change Initiative, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 8, 39233940, 2015

118.      Koukouli M.E., C. Lerot, J. Granville, F. Goutail, J.-C. Lambert, J.-P. Pommereau, D. Balis, I. Zyrichidou, M. Van Roozendael, M. Coldewey-Egbers, D. Loyola, G. Labow, S. Frith, R. Spurr, and C. Zehner, Evaluating a new homogeneous total ozone climate data record from GOME/ERS-2, SCIAMACHY/Envisat, and GOME-2/MetOp-A, J. Geophys. Res. Atmos., 120, doi:10.1002/2015JD023699. 2015

119.      Fragkos K., A.F. Bais, I. Fountoulakis, D. S. Balis, K. Tourpali, C. Meleti and P. Zanis, Extreme total column ozone events and effects on UV solarradiation at Thessaloniki, Greece, Theor. Appl. Climatol., DOI 10.1007/s00704-015-1562-3, 2015

120.      Hassinen S., D. Balis, H. Bauer, M. Begoin, A. Delcloo, K. Eleftheratos, S. Gimeno Garcia, J. Granville, M. Grossi, N. Hao, P. Hedelt, F. Hendrick, M. Hess, K.-P. Heue, J. Hovila1, H. Jønch-Sørensen, N. Kalakoski, A. Kauppi, S. Kiemle, L. Kins, M. E. Koukouli, J. Kujanpää, J.-C. Lambert, R. Lang, C. Lerot, D. Loyola, M. Pedergnana, G. Pinardi, F. Romahn, M. van Roozendael, R. Lutz, I. De Smedt, P. Stammes, W. Steinbrecht,J. Tamminen, N. Theys, L. G. Tilstra, O. N. E. Tuinder, P. Valks, C. Zerefos, W. Zimmer, and I. Zyrichidou, Overview of the O3M SAF GOME-2 operational atmospheric composition and UV radiation data products and data availability, Atmos. Meas. Tech., 9, 383407, 2016

121.      Carboni E., R. G. Grainger, T. A. Mather, D. M. Pyle, G. Thomas, R. Siddans, A. Smith, A. Dudhia, M. Koukouli and D. Balis, The vertical distribution of volcanic SO2 plumes measured by IASI, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discussions, 15, 2464324693, 2015,

122.      Giannakaki E., P. G. van Zyl, D. Müller, D. Balis, and M. Komppula , Optical and microphysical characterization of aerosol layers overSouth Africa by means of
multi-wavelength depolarization and Raman lidar measurements
, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., 15, 3523735276, 2015

123.      Koukouli M.E., M. Zara, C. Lerot, K. Fragkos, D. S. Balis, and M. van Roozendael , The impact of the ozone effective temperature on satellite validation using the Dobson spectrophotometer network, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., doi:10.5194/amt-2015-343, 2016

124.      Balis D., M. . Koukouli, N. Siomos, S. Dimopoulos, L. Mona, G. Pappalardo, F. Marenco, L. Clarisse, L. J. Ventress, E. Carboni, R. G. Grainger, P. Wang, N. Theys and C. Zehner, Validation of ash optical depth and layer height retrieved from passive satellite sensors using EARLINET and airborne lidar data: The case of the Eyjafjallajökull eruption, Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss., doi:10.5194/acp-2015-1041, 2016

125.      Boynard A., D. Hurtmans, M. E. Koukouli, F. Goutail, J.Bureau, S. Safieddine, C. Lerot, J. Hadji-Lazaro1, J.-P.Pommereau, A.Pazmino, I. Zyrichidou, D. Balis, A. Barbe, S. N. Mikhailenko, D. Loyola, P. Valks, M. Van Roozendael, P.-F. Coheur, and C. Clerbaux, Seven years of IASI ozone retrievals from FORLI: validation with independent total column and vertical profile measurements, Atmos. Meas. Tech. Discuss., doi:10.5194/amt-2016-11, 2016

126.      Alexandri G., A.K. Georgoulias, C. Meleti, D. Balis, K.A. Kourtidis, A. Sanchez-Lorenzo, J. Trentmann and P. Zanis, A high resolution satellite view of surface solar radiation over the climatically sensitive region of Eastern Mediterranean, Remote sensing of the Environment, under revision, 2016

127.      Zempila M., M.-E. Koukouli, A. Bais, I. Fountoulakis, 5 A. Arola, N.Kouremeti and D. Balis, OMI/AURA UV product validation using NILU-UV ground-based measurements in Thessaloniki, Greece., Atmos Environ., submitted, 2016.




1.    Contributor in Chapter 4, Ozone variability and trends (Lead authors R. Bojkov and R. Hudson), in Scientific Assessment of Ozone Depletion: 1998, World Meteorological Organization, Global Ozone Research and Monitoring Project-Report No. 44, 1999

2.    Houchecorne, T, Peter, D. Balis, A. Bregman, M. Chipperfield, N. Harris, W. Norton, J. Staehelin and M. Weber, Mid-latitude and tropical ozone, Chapter 4 in European research in the stratosphere 1996-2000, Scientific assessment, Advances in our understanding of the ozone layer during THESEO, European Commission, 2001

3.    Balis D., C. Zerefos, A. Tsiropoulou, P. Taalas and A. Anthis, Validation, Validation of GOME total ozone using ground-based measurements from WMO-GAW, in SAF Training Workshop monitoring, EUM P32. EUMETSAT, 2001

4.    Bojkov R. and D. Balis, The History of Total Ozone Measurements; the Early Search for Signs of a Trend and an Update, in: Twenty Years Of Ozone Decline,(eds, Zerefos et al), Springer Science,   73-110, 2009

5.    Loyola D, Erbertseder T, Balis D., et al., Operational Monitoring of the Antarctic Ozone Hole: Transition from GOME and SCIAMACHY to GOME-2,, , in: Twenty Years Of Ozone Decline,(eds, Zerefos et al), Springer Science, 213-236,: 2009

6.    Melas D., A. Bais, D. Balis et al., Environmental Forecasting at the Laboratory of Atmospheric Physics of AUTH, In: Honorary volume for Professsor Apostolos Flokas, NKUA, 117-126, 2014








As Principal Investigator


1.    PHOENICS - Particles of human origin extinguishing natural solar radiation in climate systems, funded by U (DG) ,2002-2004

2.    Development of algotihms for retrieval of GOME total ozone column (TOGOMI) funded by , 2003.

3.    On the extended development and implementation of certain activities of a EUMETSAT Satellite application facility on ozone monitoring, funded by EUMETSAT, 2003-2007

4.    New ozone algorithm for GOME and reprocessing, funded by the Geman Aerospace Agency (DLR), 2004.

5.    Real-time total ozone mapping for the Northern Hemisphere in the frame of GAW, funded by GSRT, 2005-2007

6.    Protocol Monitoring for GMES (PROMOTE), funded by , 2005-2006

7.    Upgrade of GOME data, funded by ESA through the Geman Aerospace Agency (DLR), 2006.

8.    European Aerosol Research Lidar Network (EARLINET ASOS), funded by EU, FP6, 2006-2011

9.    Air quality monitoring and forecasting in China, funded by EU, FP6, 2007-2009

10.Protocol Monitoring for GMES-2 (PROMOTE Phase 2), funded by ESA through the German Aerospace Agency (DLR), 2007- 2009.

11.GDP5.0 Upgrade of L1 and L2 GOME data, funded by the European Space Agency through the German Aerospace Agency (DLR), 2007-2010.

12.Advanced remote sensing techniques for monitoring and protecting forests, funded by GSRT, 2007-2008

13.Aerosols and clouds, funded by ESA, 2008-2010

14.Ozone-SAF-CDOP-1, funded by EUMETSAT, 2007-2012

15. Space-based applications at the service of European Society -Preoperational validation of GMES services and products -Stimulating the development of downstream services (PASODOBLE), funded by EU-FP7, 2010-2013.

16.Building consolidated climate-relevant ozone data sets in the framework of the ESAs Climate Change Initiative (CCI), funded by ESA, 2010-2013.

17. Evaluation of level-3 satellite total ozone data, funded by ESA, 2011-2012.

18.Ozone-SAF-CDOP-2, funded by EUMETSAT, 2012-2017

19.Monitoring of Volcanic Ash-SACS-2, funded by ESA, 2012-2014.

20.Educational material for GOME satellite, funded by ESA, 2014-2015

21.Operational Forecast of Air Quality for Greece and Germany, funded by IKYDA 2014, 2014-2015

22. MARCOPOLO-Collaboration between China and Europe, funded by EU-FP7, 2014-2016.

23.Building consolidated climate-relevant ozone data sets in the framework of the ESAs Climate Change Initiative (CCI)- Phase II, funded by ESA, 2014-2017.


As Researcher


During the period 1991-2002 I participated as researcher in 28 research projects funded by National and European Agencies. During the period 2003-2016 I participated as researcher in the following projects:


1.    GOME assimilated and validated ozone and nitrogen dioxide fields for scientific users and for model validations, funded by EU- (DG) , 2001-2003

2.    Quantitative Understanding of Ozone losses by Bipolar Investigations. , funded by EU- (DG) , 2002-2004

3.    Advanced Techniques for Environemntal Monitoring and Forecasting, funded by GSRT, 2004-2005.

4.    PYTHAGORAS-Environmental Impact of transported aerosols, funded by the Ministry of Education, 2004-2006

5.    Variability of solar UV under different aerosol conditions using ground-based and satellite observations., funded by GSRT, 2006-2008.

6.    PENED-Study of atmpospheric transport processes of aerosols with the synergy of satellite, ground based observations and models, funded by GSRT, 2005-2008.

7.    Stratosphere-Climate Links With Emphasis On The UTLS-SCOUT-O3, funded by EU-FP6, 2004-2009

8.    Building Infrastructure for the validation of satellite derived atmospheric parameters (PHAETHON), funded by ESA, 2009-2011.

9.    Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research Infrastructure Network ACTRIS., funded by EU-FP7, 2011-2015 (associated partner)

10.Quality Assurance for Essential Climatic Variables, funded by EU-FP7, 2014-2017.

11.Aerosols, Clouds, and Trace gases Research Infrastructure Network-Phase II, funded by EU-H2020, 2015-2018 (associated partner).





1999-2001 Course: Field Measurements, MSc Program: Environmental Physics-AUTH

2001-2008: Course: Computer Applications for Environmental Sciences, MSc Program: Environmental Physics-AUTH

Courses: Field Measurements I and II, MSc Program: Environmental Physics-AUTH

2001-: Course: Atmospheric Technology, Phys. Dept. AUTH, 8th semester

2001-2015: Course: Atmospheric Physics, Phys. Dept. AUTH, 8th semester

2001-: Course: Environmental Impact Assessments, MSc Program: Environmental Physics-AUTH

2002-: Course: Introduction to Atmospheric Physics, Phys. Dept. AUTH, 3rd semester

2008-: Course: Atmospheric Aerosols, MSc Program: Environmental Physics-AUTH

Course: Environmental Management, MSc Program: Environmental Physics-AUTH

Course: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques:, MSc Program: Environmental Physics-AUTH

Course: Analysis of Environmental Measurements, MSc Program: Environmental Physics-AUTH

2016-: Course: Global Change, Phys. Dept. AUTH, 8th semester




I have supervised more than 40 degree theses and about 30 master thesis





Supervisor of five completed PhD theses and supervisor of five on-going PhD theses.


Member of the supervising committee in 3 ongoing PhD theses.


Reviewer of 30 completed PhD theses in Greek Universities


Reviewer in 5 PhD theses of Universities abroad (University of Basilicata, Italy and University of Granada, Spain, University of Bremen, Germany, University of Leipzig, Germany)







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1.      Balis D., Ground-based and satellite monitoring of the environment, Vafopouleio Cultural Centre of the Municipality of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, 1998

2.      Balis D., Remote sensing of the atmosphere using the Lidar techniqueAn international seminar on current issues of astronomical and planetary environmental concern, British Council and AUTH, Thessaloniki, Greece, 6-7 April 1998

3.      Balis D., Ozone Evolution at mid and high latitudes, 5th European Symposium on Stratospheric Ozone, 27 Sep-1 Oct 1999, Saint Jean De Luz, France

4.      Balis D., Ozone monitoring and Research, 3rd Global Monitoring of the Environment and Security Forum, Athens, 5-6 June 2003

5.      Balis D. Evolution of the ozone extreme departures over the polar regions, International Geosphere Biosphere Program, Athens, 31-3-2004

6.      Balis D. Remote sensing techniques for environmental monitoring, PROTEPE-GSRT network, Thessaloniki, February 2004

7.      Balis D. Air Quality over the Balkans using satellite measurements, PROTIPA GSRT network, Goulandri Foundation, Athens, October 2008

8.      Balis D., The potential of satellites in air quality monitoring, , PROTIPA GSRT network, Prefecture of Thessaloniki, October 2008

9.      Balis D., Forest fire aerosols, Optical and microphysical observations from EARLINET observations, 1st GAW Aerosol Lidar Observation Network (GALION) Workshop, Geneva 20-9-2010






  1. Journal of Geophysical Research
  2. Geophysical Research Letters
  3. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
  4. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques
  5. Journal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
  6. Atmospheric Research
  7. Applied Optics
  8. Annales Geophyiscae
  9. Atmospheric Environment
  10. Atmospheric Research
  11. Tellus
  12. International Journal of Remote Sensing
  13. Natural Hazards
  14. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
  15. Science of the Total Environment
  16. Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics
  17. Remote Sensing of the Environment
  18. Water, Air and Soil Pollution
  19. Lasers in Engineering




1.        Evaluator for Global Change, Climate and Biodiversity under the Programme Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development,FP5

2.        Evaluator for Marie Curie Fellowships, Advanced Study Courses and René Descartes Prize witin FP5

3.        Evaluator for the Research Committee of the University of Crete

4.        Evaluator for the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic

5.        Evaluator for the National Research Centre of Poland

6.        Evaluator for the National Science Foundation, USA








1.         Measurements of the vertical distribution of aerosol and ozone with lidars

2.         Measurements of the vertical distribution of ozone with ozonesondes

3.         Trace gas monitoring with Differential Optical Absorption Spectroscopy (DOAS)

4.         Meteorological measurements with a tethered balloon

5.         Air pollution monitoring with conventional analyzers

6.         Aerosol optical depth measurements with sun photometers (CIMEL)







1.      Local Organizer of the SAF Ozone monitoring training workshop, Halkidiki, Greece, 21-23 May 2001,

2.      Scientific Committee of the 20th Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, Kos, Greece, 1-8 June, 2004

3.      Local Organizer of the EARLINET workshop, Thessaloniki, 2008

4.      Scientific Committee of the Symposium for the 20th Anniversary of the Montreal Protocol, Athens, 23-26 September 2007

5.      Local Organizer of the Ozone SAF User and algorithm Forum, Halkidiki, Greece, 2-4 June 2009

6.      Co-Chair of the Organizing Committee of the 26th International Laser Radar Conference, Port-Heli, Greece, 2012.

7.      Scientific Committee of the 22th Quadrennial Ozone Symposium, Toronto, Canada, 2012.

8.      Scientific Committee of the ESA Living Planet Conference, Edinburgh, UK, 2013

9.      Scientific Committee of the International Conference on Meteorology, Climatology and Atmospheric Physics, Heraklion, Greece, 2014

10.  Scientific Committee of ESA Atmospheric Science, Conference, 2015

11.  Scientific Committee of the ESA Living Planet Conference, Prague, Czech Republic 2016

12.  Scientific Committee of the International Conference on Meteorology, Climatology and Atmospheric Physics, Thessaloniki, Greece 2016




2000: The publication 4.12 received the Mariolopoulos-Kanaginis Award of the World Meteorological Organization.




In the frame of my research activities and research projects I have collaborated with the following institutes.


         Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Meteorological Institute, München, Germany (M. Wiegner)

         RIVM - National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Netherlands (A. Apituely)

        Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche - Istituto di Metodologie per l'Analisi Ambientale (CNR-IMAA)(G. Pappalardo)

         National Institute of R&D for Optoelectronics, Romania (D. Nicolae)

         University Polutecnica de Catalunya, Spain (Adolfo Cameron)

         Università Degli Studi dell'Aquila (V. Rizi)

         University of Oslo, Institute of Geophysics, (I. Isaksen)

         Norwegian Instiute for Air Research (NILU), (G. Hansen)

         European Space Agency, ESRI, Frascati, Italy (C. Zehner)